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Mullvad 說明中心

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常見問題集

WireGuard? #

The Mullvad VPN app makes it easy to use WireGuard.

If you prefer to use the WireGuard app download configuration files (requires login).

Here’s why we use and recommend WireGuard.

I have lost my account number. How do I get it back? #
Follow the steps to recover your account.
App under Windows says: failed to apply firewall rules...? #
This mostly happens with third party security and firewall software that blocks WFP from working correctly. The error will often show up in the daemon.log as : [talpid_core::winnet][ERROR] Initiate WFP transaction: The call timed out while waiting to acquire the transaction lock.
App says “too many simultaneous connections” when only using 1? #
This can happen if the Mullvad VPN app can't find the TAP adapter. Solution: close and, re-install the latest Mullvad VPN App. Wait 5 mins (for the connection count to clear) and then try to connect, and see if this solves the issue.
Why can’t I use the internet after closing the Mullvad app on Windows? #
Go into the "Network & Internet settings" > "Change adapter settings" and then right-click the network adapter you use to connect to the internet and select "Properties" then double-click on "Internet Protocol version 4" and set it to "Obtain DNS server address automatically" Please make sure that you are running 2020.2 or later of our Mullvad VPN app.
Why do I get slow speeds? #
Our Connection Speed guide lists a variety of possible solutions. You can also read about throttling.
Why do I get CAPTCHAs all the time? #
This is a known issue that happens on many sites using Cloudflare. Please follow our SOCKS5 guide to reduce the occurrence of CAPTCHAs, or you can try switching to another server.
Do you offer discounts or have sales? #
We never have sales, but accepted cryptocurrency payments are discounted at 10% due to lower fees and less administration. Visit our pricing page for more info.
How many computers or devices can I use my Mullvad VPN account on? #
You can use your account on up to 5 devices.
How can I see if a payment is processed or how much time I have left on my account? #
Log in to the Account Status page of our website.
Do you offer a money back guarantee? #
Yes, we offer a 30-day money back guarantee, except for cash payments due to anti-money laundering regulations, as well as crypto payments. Read our refund instructions.
I have paid but can't connect! #
If you get a message saying your account has expired, your payment is the problem. If you paid through your PayPal account, log in to PayPal and check the status of the payment. PayPal often changes its mind about transactions, sometimes days after a payment was made, without notification. For cryptocurrency payments, these do not get processed until the transaction has been confirmed. Bank wires can take 1–2 working days to get processed.
How do I cancel my PayPal subscription? #
To unsubscribe, first log in to the Account Status page of our website. Click on the PayPal Subscription icon and then on the Unsubscribe button.
Do you obey the EU Data Retention Directive? #
The directive does not apply to Mullvad because we are not considered an electronics communications service. This is also the case for Sweden's Lagen om elektronisk kommunikation (LEK). Swedish legislation .
How can I tell if I'm connected? #
Visit mullvad.net/check to easily check your connection status, or you can visit our website and it will display the server you are connected to at the top of the website.
Is all traffic protected or only web surfing? #
All internet traffic.
What can I do about WebRTC? #
Read our guide on how to disable WebRTC.
Are you keeping logs? #
No, we do not store activity logs of any kind. Please read our privacy policy.
What if a court orders you to divulge sensitive user information? #
We don't collect or store such information. There is nothing to divulge. See our privacy policy.
What if the connection is broken? #
With the Mullvad VPN app, all Internet traffic is automatically blocked until either the VPN connection is reestablished or you disconnect from or quit the app. This built-in safety feature ensures that your traffic is not accidentally leaked outside of our secure tunnel.
I get warnings when installing your software! #
That's OK. Allow the software to install. The warnings occur either because your device requires admin authorization to install drivers or because some antivirus software gives a false positive on new app releases.
How do I turn on DNS leak protection in the app? #
DNS leak protection is always on. There is no option to disable it.
How do I force the Mullvad VPN app to use TCP protocol? #
If you are using the Mullvad desktop app, go to the Mullvad app settings by clicking on the gear icon in the top right corner of the app. Then select OpenVPN in the advanced settings and then go to "OpenVPN Settings" and click on TCP. If you are using a mobile phone or tablet then you can use the OpenVPN app instead, see "Other VPN software" in the Mullvad help center menu to the left.
While using the Mullvad VPN app, I can't access local shares, printers or services. What do I do? #
Open the Mullvad app settings, then click on Preferences and turn on "Local network sharing". In some cases you have to use the IP address to connect instead of the hostname. If the device is on a different subnet (IP address range) then add a static route to that in the operating system. In Android this will not work if you have enabled "Block connections without VPN" in the Android network settings.
Do I get a shared or dedicated IP address? #
Shared.
Do you support port forwarding? #
No, adding new ports has been disabled as of May 29th 2023. Existing ports will be deleted July 1st 2023.
I can't send email! What do I do? #
Because of spam we block TCP port 25. Set your email program to send using SSL/TLS on port 465.
Which country will the IP address that I get be located in? #
The Mullvad app allows you to choose. Check out our full list of VPN servers and locations.
Do you limit speed/bandwidth or data volume? #
No.
Can I configure the VPN myself or do I have to use your software? #
We provide OpenVPN and WireGuard configuration files for any device that supports them.
How do I tunnel IPv6 traffic in the app? #
You can enable IPv6 communication in the Advanced settings menu.
Are you blocking any ports? #
Yes, because of spam we block port 25. Because of a Microsoft security issue, we also block ports 137, 138, 139, and 445. We reserve the right to block any port or IP address in order to protect ourselves, our customers, and the quality of our service.
Running Mullvad in a virtual machine drops the connection quite often. How do I fix that? #
Please make sure that your guest VM is using static IP addresses.
Which ports should I open in my firewall for OpenVPN ? #
TCP: 80, 443, 1401
UDP: 53, 1194, 1195, 1196, 1197, 1300, 1301, 1302, 1303, 1400
(Ports 1400 UDP and 1401 TCP do not have DNS hijacking enabled, which might work better for pfSense users)
Can I use Mullvad without the GUI? #
Yes, by using the Mullvad command line interface. We also provide OpenVPN and WireGuard configuration files for any device that supports them.
Do you support my OS or device? #
We support Windows 10 and newer, macOS 12+ and newer, and Linux distributions such as Debian 11+, Ubuntu 20.04+, and the two latest Fedora releases. We also provide OpenVPN and WireGuard configuration files for any device that supports them.
Could I get a receipt that specifies VAT? #
Yes, please visit our Invoices guide for more information.
I have a business. How do I pay for your service without VAT? #
As we are a consumer retailer, we do not offer the option to buy our service without VAT.
I get Fatal error during driver installation. Failed to identify newly added TAP adapter. #
Please make sure that you do not have any antivirus or third party firewalls that might be blocking / restricting access for installing the TAP Adapter correctly.
How do I change the app's language? #
The language is automatically determined based on your computer's language settings. You can set the environment variable MULLVAD_LOCALE to the language you wish to use of the ones we have available:

If using Linux : MULLVAD_LOCALE=en-US ./mullvad-vpn

If using Windows you set it in: System -> Advanced system settings -> Environment Variables -> and then add a System variable called MULLVAD_LOCALE with the value of en-US for English.

If using macOS from a terminal: MULLVAD_LOCALE=en-US /Applications/Mullvad\ VPN.app/Contents/MacOS/Mullvad\ VPN

Keep in mind that you will need to restart the Mullvad VPN app for it to take effect.

Why does my iOS Devices get stuck at connecting after unlocking them ? #
One possible fix is to enable Seamless tunnel and also to have Reconnect on wakeup enabled.
Why do I get a TAP driver installation issue on Windows ? #
The error message "Fatal error during driver installation : failed to create virtual adapter: error 2" or "Fatal error during driver installation. Failed to identify newly added TAP adapter." when installing the Mullvad VPN app. This is commonly caused by firewall / internet security software, for instance Comodo, please disable them and then try installing the app again.
Why do I get a lot of connection drops after starting to download or stream content on Windows? #
This is an issue with the Windows TAP drivers, and it is seen more often when using torrents, what you can do is install the older TAP driver version 9.9.2_3 and see if that resolves the issue for you, remember to reconnect after installing it.
I use the WireGuard kernel module and can’t connect. Why do I get "Protocol not supported"? #

Make sure the kernels and kernel headers that you are running match those from when you installed the WireGuard packages. If not, then upgrade them.

Try rebooting to see if the kernel module loads correctly: in a terminal, issue sudo modprobe wireguard && lsmod | grep -i wireguard.

Try installing and compiling the WireGuard source. Distribution packages sometimes don’t set things up correctly.

wg-quick fails, with the message RTNETLINK answers: No such device #
This can happen if you set a MTU that is lower than 1280 in the WireGuard configuration file, make sure it is not set to lower than 1280 and then try again.
Who owns Mullvad? #
The Mullvad VPN service is operated by Mullvad VPN AB which is a subsidiary of Amagicom AB. Both companies are 100% owned by founders Fredrik Strömberg and Daniel Berntsson.
How do I multihop with the app? #
In the Mullvad app: Click on the Cogwheel -> VPN settings -> WireGuard settings -> Enable multihop .
Is Shadowsocks available in the app? #
Yes. By using Bridge mode you will be using the Shadowsocks proxy.
How can I circumvent censorship or get around a restrictive firewall? #
Activate Bridge mode in the app. This will make use of the Shadowsocks proxy.
Where can I find my app's local log files? #
Here's how to find openvpn.log, openvpn.old.log, daemon.log, and daemon.old.log.

Via the app
You can easily access them via the app by opening Settings > Report a Problem > View app logs.

Via your computer
Windows: C:\ProgramData\Mullvad VPN
macOS: /var/log/mullvad-vpn/
Linux: /var/log/mullvad-vpn/
What can I do to reduce disconnections ? #
Try connecting over TCP and port 443. This often helps.
Downloading the Mullvad app is slow. What can I do? #
Installing Mullvad VPN app fails, what do I do ? #
If you get the error: "Fatal error during driver installation: Failed to enumerate network adapters: SetupDiOpenDevRegKey Failed" Then uninstall the TAP adapter from the system, reboot and then start the Mullvad VPN installation again.
Why am I leaking DNS requests to Cloudflare? #
Even when connected to Mullvad, this happens to Firefox users in the U.S. because of the browser’s default settings. To prevent this, open Firefox Options > General > Network settings > Settings, then deselect “Enable DNS over HTTPS.” Once you’ve done that, visit mullvad.net to verify that you’re no longer leaking information.
I get the error: "Failed to create virtual adapter: error 0" when installing what to do? #
* Open regedit * Edit Computer\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\DeviceInstall\Parameters * Change DeviceInstallDisabled to 0 * Install the Mullvad VPN app * Change the value back to 1
Unable to connect under Windows 7, and Daemon.log shows Failed to determine alias of TAP adapter #
Stand Alone security updates KB4474419 and KB4490628 were released to introduce SHA-2 code sign support. Make sure you install them
What about the Swedish Covert Surveillance of Data Act? #
Do you offer dedicated ip? #
No, it is not aligned with privacy since it somehow has to be linked to a user
Why do I get low speeds using WireGuard on pfSense (when using snort) ? #
If you use INLINE IPS then try setting it to Legacy mode and see if the performance improves after that.
How do I enable the kill switch? #
The app has a built in kill switch that is enabled by default and cannot be disabled. This is to prevent your traffic from leaking outside of the VPN tunnel if your network suddenly stops working or if the tunnel fails for any reason. Mullvad automatically protects your data until your connection is reestablished.
Some websites or apps think I am in Romania or Sweden, but I have selected a server in the USA or UK #
You can verify the location using https://mullvad.net/check . There are a number of different geolocation databases and it can take some time before they get the correct information and for the websites to update to the latest version of it. When connected to Los Angeles or New York some websites show the location as Romania. You can use another city like Chicago instead. When connected to London some websites show the location as Sweden. You can use gb1 or gb6 in London or any of the Manchester servers instead. How: You can select a specific server in the app by using the down-arrow on the right side of the country and city.
Why can't I see the CPU load or Network utilization of a VPN server ? #
The reason we do not provide this is because it would then give users a false sense of which server they should select. We try to ensure that all our servers have lots of capacity both in terms in Network and CPU If there happen to be performance variations on a given server, it is very likely not because of the server itself. It is most often because of internet routing issues. Try switching to another server hosted by a different hosting provider.
What license does the Mullvad VPN app have? #
Our app is free software and all the source code is GPL-3 licensed. Read more on our open source page. However, the iOS app when distributed on the Apple App Store is licensed under the Apple App Store EULA and not GPL-3.
Why Can't I connect using Comcast XFINITY router ? #
If you have set it to maximum security, "which will block most applications except web browsing, email, iTunes and VPN." , try reducing it to typical to see if you then can connect. Or use port 53 for WireGuard / OpenVPN to connect.
How can I become a Mullvad reseller? #
We offer a sales partnership reseller agreement. Before connecting you with our partnership department we need you to send support@mullvadvpn.net answers to the following questions:
  • 1. Tell us briefly about your company (Name, business area and country/countries you are operating in).
  • 2. What does your company do?
  • 3. Why would you like to become reseller of Mullvad VPN?
  • 4. What quantities and volumes are you estimating to sell your first year?

End-customers are always anonymous at Mullvad but partners/resellers are not. Please always send us email through your company email.
Mullvad's Website or API shows as insecure or is unreachable what to do? #
Certain routers block Mullvad's website and API, and calls it "malware". Some routers from Asus and TP-Link include a DNS filter from Trend Micro which blocks Mullvad because using Mullvad will prevent their filter from working. To turn it off follow these instructions. ASUS: Go to AiProtection > Network Protection > turn off "Malicious Sites Blocking". TP-Link: Go to HomeCare or Security > Antivirus > turn off "Malicious Content Filter". Some Verizon Fios routers contain McAfee Home Network Protection which can also block Mullvad. In that case turn off Parental controls.
Which IPs for setting up our ad blocking, tracker blocking and malware blocking using custom DNS ? #
Except Android (currently) these settings are built in as toggles, if you want to use configuration files, or if you are running Android you can use the following:Click on the gear icon (Settings), then Advanced. Scroll down to Use custom DNS server and enable it to add any of these DNS servers listed in the link below:
https://github.com/mullvad/dns-adblock#custom-dns-entries
Why can't I use the internet after closing the Mullvad app on macOS? #
Try to turn off and on your Wi-Fi, or unplug and plug in your network cable. Make sure that you have a DNS set after disconnecting Mullvad by doing this: Go to the macOS System Preferences > Network and click on your active connection to the left. Then click on Advanced... and then the DNS tab. Click on the plus to add a new DNS server (for example 1.1.1.1).
Will Mullvad allow me to create a secure network between my computers/devices, or access other users #
This is not possible as each connection is separated.
There is a law to collect user data in India and other countries. Does this affect Mullvad? #
Mullvad does not collect user data. Mullvad is based in Sweden and none of the Swedish regulations (https://mullvad.net/help/swedish-legislation/) can force VPN providers to secretly collect traffic-related data. We also have no servers, infrastructure or staff in India.
I am using the ASUS stock firmware and when importing the Mullvad .ovpn file it says "File format or #
Open the .ovpn file in a text editor and remove the line "tun-ipv6" before you import it.
Using Mullvad on macOS, the app says "BLOCKING INTERNET: Unable to set system DNS server". #
This can happen when something other than Mullvad is actively updating the DNS. Try to turn Wi-Fi Calling off in the FaceTime app settings and restart the Mac. Uninstall or disable other DNS, networking and ads/website blocking apps.
I can not install Mullvad in macOS Ventura. The installation program says: "The installation failed" #
Move the Mullvad installation program to the Downloads folder, and then start it again.
I am using macOS 13 Ventura and Mullvad says "Connecting to Mullvad system service". #
Open the System Settings app and go to General > Login items. Under "Allow in the Background" you should find Amagicom. Make sure that is enabled. If it doesn't help then open the Terminal app and run this command: sudo launchctl load /Library/LaunchDaemons/net.mullvad.daemon.plist If it asks for a password then use your Mac login password.
Why am I unable to Play music in the Spotify app for Windows when connected to Mullvad? #
This is a bug in Spotify that is discussed in the Spotify forum. It should work if you add the songs to a playlist first. This applies also when using Split tunneling.
I am trying to update the Mullvad app but it says "Failed to uninstall a previous version". #
Restart the computer and then install the Mullvad app again. If it doesn't help then try to temporarily uninstall your anti-virus program first, and then re-install it after having installed the Mullvad app again.
I updated the Mullvad app, when I try to connect it says "Unable to start tunnel connection." #
Try to restart the computer. If it doesn't help then reinstall the Mullvad app.
Mullvad app says that I have too many devices. How can I find which device has which device name? #
You can find the device name in the Mullvad app settings > Account. You can find the device name for the WireGuard key if you log in to our website here: https://mullvad.net/account/devices
Can I exclude Windows Store apps with Split tunneling? #
No this is not possible. Check if the app has a normal Windows installer or if you can use it in a web browser instead.
Can I purchase more devices for my account? I have reached the five devices limit. #
We cannot add more devices to an account. You would have to get a second account or install Mullvad on a router with an OpenVPN or WireGuard client to use it with all the devices in the local network.
Do I have to be a Mullvad VPN user to run the Mullvad Browser? #
No, you don’t have to be a Mullvad VPN user to run the Mullvad Browser. But we highly recommend that you use a trustworthy VPN in combination with the browser.
Can I use the Mullvad Browser without a VPN? #
Yes, but if you don’t use a trustworthy VPN in combination with the Mullvad Browser your IP address won’t be masked. To avoid data collectors and mass monitors to identify you thanks to your IP address (and hide your traffic from your ISP) – use a trustworthy VPN together with the Mullvad Browser.
What data does the Mullvad Browser collect? #
None.
Does Mullvad Browser make any outgoing connections? #
Yes, here are the full list of requests Mullvad Browser makes by default:
  • * Browser update (Mullvad)
  • * Mullvad Browser Extension update (Mullvad)
  • * Mullvad DoH (Mullvad)
  • * NoScript/Ublock Origin update (Mozilla)
  • * Certificates & Domains update (Mozilla)
  • * Ublock Origin filter lists update (various lists)
What’s the difference between the Tor Browser and the Mullvad Browser? #
The difference is the network used to access the internet. Tor Browser connects to the internet through the Tor Network. The Mullvad Browser is instead designed to be used with a VPN.
Why do you disable “Deceptive Content and Dangerous Software Protection”? #
Because it's controlled by Google.
Why don’t you have more features within the Mullvad Browser? #
We focus on privacy first. Too many features could make it possible to identify you through fingerprinting.
Can I install other extensions? #
Yes, but that is something we don’t recommend. Extensions could make it possible to identify you through fingerprinting.
Can I use it on my smartphone? #
The Mullvad Browser is not available on smartphones.
What's your business model? How does Mullvad Browser makes money? #
We don’t earn any money from the Mullvad Browser. Our income comes from our VPN service. The Mullvad Browser is a complement to our VPN service.
Where can I get help? #
Look at help/contact support.
Where can I share a bug/idea? #
Report it on Github or send an email to support@mullvadvpn.net
Why is the built-in password manager disabled? #
Use a external password manager, it’s more secure.
Why is the time wrong? #
The time zone is spoofed, to combat fingerprinting.
What's this weird spacing around the websites? #
It’s called letterboxing, a function to combat fingerprinting (using your browser window size to identify you together with other measures).
How do I stay logged into specific websites between sessions? #
It’s not possible. It’s an action to combat tracking.
Is the browser only available in English? #
For now, it’s only available in English.
Where are my downloads? #
They are in the Mullvad Browser folder.
Will you support Firefox Sync? #
No.
How can I add NoScript to the toolbar? #
- Open the Settings page
- Click on "Extensions & themes" on the left sidebar
- Click the 3-dots button of the NoScript extension then Manage
- On the row "Toolbar button" click the option "Show"
Why can't I remove NoScript & uBlock Origin? #
While NoScript & uBlock Origin are extensions, they are integral part of the defense against browser fingerprinting in Mullvad Browser. NoScript is used for the Security Level feature. uBlock Origin is used to block third party trackers.
Why doesn't Mullvad VPN have a VPN extension? #
A VPN extension makes it possible to use the VPN only for the browser. It's very easy to click a link that will make your traffic go outside of the VPN tunnel. This is why we don't propose this: it's much safer to encrypt all your device traffic, to make sure there's no unintentional leak.
Will removing Mullvad Browser Extension alter my browser fingerprint? #
It won't change your browser fingerprint, it's safe to remove it.
How can I display the bookmark toolbar? #
- Right click on the menu icon
- Select “Bookmarks Toolbar”
- Select “Always Show”
Why are some elements blurry on some websites? #
The blur happens because of canvas fingerprinting protection.
A canvas element has its dimensions specified in “content space” (in CSS pixels) and to render it properly, the website will ask the browser for the devicePixelRatio property, which indicates how many of the screen's actual pixels should be used to draw a single CSS pixel.
When Mullvad Browser spoof the devicePixelRatio property, the canvas based elements can be rendered blurry if your screen's actual devicePixelRatio does not match the spoofed value.
Why is the extension I installed not working? #
Though we don't recommend installing third-party extensions, you can try checking if the extension is allowed to run in Private Browsing Mode:
- In the menu, click on “Addons and Themes”
- Click on the extension
- Make sure for “Run in Private Windows”, “Allow” is selected

If the extension is still not working, please contact the extension developer as we're not able to private support for third party extensions.

Known issue: as Firefox Sync is entirely deactivated, extensions will not successfully save data by using the "storage.sync" mechanism.
Why does Chrome / Chromium (Brave) based browsers fail on macOS with the error socket not connected #
To fix this, in the Mullvad app, please enable IPv6 found in "Settings" -> "VPN Settings" -> "Enable IPv6" or disable IPv6 on the network interface using the command "networksetup -setv6off Ethernet" or "networksetup -setv6off Wi-Fi" if using Wi-Fi .
How do I use Landline telephone when using Fritzbox and Mullvad? #
Try this when callers can't hear you. Fritz!Box > Telephony -> Own numbers -> Connection settings Activate x Use a random port for the FRITZ!Box's SIP service to the SIP registrar.
Mullvad on iOS or iPadOS says "Network error: The request timed out". Can't login/send error report. #
Delete the Mullvad app and install it again from the App Store. To delete an app you have to press and hold your finger on it and then select "Remove App" or "Delete App".
How do I delete my account? #
To request deletion of your account, email support@mullvadvpn.net.
How do I log in on my other devices? The Mullvad VPN app says that I have to pay again? #
1: On the device that has an active Mullvad account: Tap on the account button in the top right corner next to the settings button, and then tap on the eye icon to view your account number. 2: On your other devices: If you are logged in already, tap on the account button and then "Log out". Then log in with the account number that you found on your first device.

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